Substance Dualism Essays

The last issue on interactionism comes through work following that of Descartes in the guise of Pre-established Harmony and Occasionalism.Leibniz and Malebranche would challenge Descartes’ use of the pineal gland as a reversal of his position.

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The essay below was hand written in 45 minutes (and subsequently typed up without alterations – save a few spelling corrections).They both argue that the substance dualism Descartes outlines is correct.There is no causal relationship between mind and body for Leibniz and Malebranche as God is responsible for either setting up the two independent realities (Pre-established Harmony) or acting in each individual occasion (Occasionalism).It may be argued that at least Leibniz and Malebranche remain true to their philosophical values rather than accepting a dubious ‘out’ in the guise of the pineal gland to slip the noose of Interactionism.However Leibniz and Malebranche’s theories did not pass the test of time mainly because of the lack of both causal power and moral responsibility we are left with if we accept their views.If the mental is non-physical then how can it ‘cause’ anything to occur?Rather like a ghost riding a bike it seems as though the mind is causally impotent. I am thinking about taking a sip of Green tea and Jasmine as I write.The body was matter and all matter was simply extension, inertia moved by other things or describable in terms of space, depth, distance or length.This res extensa required something else to move it. Wiley Online Library requires cookies for authentication and use of other site features; therefore, cookies must be enabled to browse the site.Detailed information on how Wiley uses cookies can be found in our Privacy Policy.


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