Yet, as Bruckner recognizes, our postmodern age does not seem to view criticism as a way of refining and deepening our loyalty to the real achievements of Western culture, not the least of which is the freedom to criticize. As Bruckner explains, This is the paternalism of the guilty conscience: seeing ourselves as the kings of infamy is still a way of staying on the crest of history. For a long time the liberal establishment in America believed that our society was the source of good in the world.
The traumas of the 1960s undermined this complacent belief in American exceptionalism.
Geraldine is ashamed of her blackness and straightens her hair to hider any African features.
Geraldine is loving and affectionate to her cat, who has black fur and blue eyes, but is distant and cold towards her son, Junior.
She considers herself to be superior to darker skinned black people and discourages...
She considers herself to be superior to darker skinned black people and discourages Junior from interacting with black people who she considers to be below her and Junior.Socratic philosophy and Old Testament prophecy combined to create a strong impulse toward self-criticism as a way to overcome self-deceptions and false loyalties. Thomas began his analysis of the truths of Christianity by surveying the objections.As he knew, the pressure of criticism pushes us toward a fuller and more self-aware grasp of the truth. To begin, the notion that the West is the Great Satan feeds our egoism.He takes his frustrated rage, which is rooted in the ways in which he has been dehumanized by white men, and turns it against black women because they are the only people without the power to harm him.shame and internalized racial self-hatred are motivating factors for several characters.For example, Geraldine is strictly motivated by her perception of the ugly side of blackness, an image that she and others around her have been shown all their lives., all modern thought can be reduced to a mechanical denunciation of the West, emphasizing the latters hypocrisy, violence, and abomination. I wouldnt say that John Rawls or Jürgen Habermas or Benedict XVI fit that description. We are imperialists, racists, and purveyors of unsustainable consumption that threatens to engulf the world in an environmental disaster.Yet Bruckner, one of the so-called new philosophers in France who made a big stir in the 1970s when they criticized the habitual Marxism of French intellectuals, points to a very real and powerful trend in contemporary Western culture. The colonization of the New World amounted to genocide. Capitalism depends upon the exploitation of the worlds poor. To a certain extent, our present self-laceration reflects one of the virtues of Western culture.Pecola, like Claudia and Frieda, consume the message that all things beloved are associated with whiteness.Cholly Breedlove also internalized this message; however, his masculinity, which was once used against him, gives him a tool to fight back—against black women. Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions.Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team.