Thus, this development imbalance in which some part of the state receives special attention and other areas are neglected and allowed to rot causing immense suffering and hardship to the common appeared in the form of Gorkha movement, Bodo movement, Telangana movement, etc.
There is certainly no denying that social Utopias of leaders like Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru were mainly responsible for the lopsided development of the country and the creation of the society in which a few rolled in wealth, the majority of the people yearned for food.
Again, the demand for Bodoland, Vidarbha, Telangana, Gorkhaland, etc.
cannot be traced in the earnest desire of the people to have their regional identity, which results from regional imbalances.
In fact, it is the natural desire of the people in a region or territory to make rapid social and economic development so that they may live happily.
But in course of time when some part of the region makes rapid development, and other remains neglected, then the feelings of anger and frustration creep into the mind of the people which find expression in demand for a separate homeland.
In Europe the tribal organization, though in many ways weak, was dominant.
It might be West Saxon, Lombardic or Visigothic; it might be mobile or fixed.
They themselves do not play a part in the political process, but as a psychic factor they do influence their party organisations and their political behaviour.
Seen in this perspective, regionalism in India, as elsewhere, is basically a psychic phenomenon. The emergence of the independent Lahore Kingdom under the capable legendary leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a deep and everlasting impact on the minds of the Sikhs of the region.