Psychology Case Studies A Level

Psychology Case Studies A Level-32
Amongst the sources of data the psychologist is likely to turn to when carrying out a case study are observations of a person’s daily routine, unstructured interviews with the participant herself (and with people who know her), diaries, personal notes (e.g.letters, photographs, notes) or official document (e.g. The case study method often involves simply observing what happens to, or reconstructing ‘the case history’ of a single participant or group of individuals (such as a school class or a specific social group), i.e. The interview is also an extremely effective procedure for obtaining information about an individual, and it may be used to collect comments from the person's friends, parents, employer, workmates and others who have a good knowledge of the person, as well as to obtain facts from the person him or herself.

Amongst the sources of data the psychologist is likely to turn to when carrying out a case study are observations of a person’s daily routine, unstructured interviews with the participant herself (and with people who know her), diaries, personal notes (e.g.letters, photographs, notes) or official document (e.g. The case study method often involves simply observing what happens to, or reconstructing ‘the case history’ of a single participant or group of individuals (such as a school class or a specific social group), i.e. The interview is also an extremely effective procedure for obtaining information about an individual, and it may be used to collect comments from the person's friends, parents, employer, workmates and others who have a good knowledge of the person, as well as to obtain facts from the person him or herself.

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A good case study should always make clear which information is the factual description and which is an inference or the opinion of the researcher.

Case studies allow a researcher to investigate a topic in far more detail than might be possible if they were trying to deal with a large number of research participants (nomothetic approach) with the aim of ‘averaging’.

Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community.

Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods (e.g. The case study research method originated in clinical medicine (the case history, i.e. In psychology, case studies are often confined to the study of a particular individual.

Most of this information is likely to be qualitative (i.e.

verbal description rather than measurement) but the psychologist might collect numerical data as well.The case study is not itself a research method, but researchers select methods of data collection and analysis that will generate material suitable for case studies.Case studies are widely used in psychology and amongst the best known were the ones carried out by Sigmund Freud, including Anna O and Little Hans.they focus on the individual case without reference to a comparison group.Interpreting the information means the researcher decides what to include or leave out.This makes it clear that the case study is a method that should only be used by a psychologist, therapist or psychiatrist, i.e. This comes from interviews and other sources, such as observation.The client also reports detail of events from his or her point of view.This means that there is a lot of scope for observer bias and it could be that the subjective opinions of the psychologist intrude in the assessment of what the data means. For example, Freud has been criticized for producing case studies in which the information was sometimes distorted to fit the particular theories about behavior (e.g. This is also true of Money’s interpretation of the Bruce/Brenda case study (Diamond, 1997) when he ignored evidence that went against his theory. Revision for AQA Psychology AS and A-Level Papers, including staightforward study notes and summaries of the relevant theories and studies, past papers, and mark schemes with example answers. Revision Resources Discuss research into the influence of early attachment on adult relationships Discuss the usefulness of animal studies for investigating attachment Discuss Bowlby’s theory of attachment.Hello, I am currently using the "AS Revision Companion for AQA A Psychology - The Complete Companion".

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