If you are a visual person, a Venn diagram can facilitate this process.
(Men usually have superior physical strength and technical skills).
You can also go point by point throughout the essay.
Let’s say you are comparing and contrasting women and men.
You could write two paragraphs about qualities that are common to women (they tend to be more compassionate, they are good multitaskers) along with some that they share with men (they are capable of sacrificing self for the good of others.) Then you would focus on men in the next section.
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For example, if you want to write about two different historical figures, it makes sense to choose two great artists rather than an artist and a politician.
Examples: Make two lists: one list of similarities, and another of differences.
Traits that differ are noted separately, within those that they share are written in the overlapping space.
This is a helpful visual aid, because it organizes similarities and differences clearly.