Once a Belgian colony, Rwanda gained independence in 1962, but the Belgian colonial experience shaped Rwanda in two key respects.
First, in the 1930s Belgian colonial officials issued identity cards classifying all Rwandans as Hutu or Tutsi.
The United States refused to intervene and refused to support the eight African nations who tried to stop the genocide. Accountability for Human Rights Atrocities in International Law: Beyond the Nuremberg Legacy. It has the international statute for crimes against humanity in Rwanda.
Beginning in the summer of 1994 the RPF, under the leadership of Defense Minister Paul Kagame, launched an invasion of Rwanda from Uganda, and in August 1994, RPF forces took Kigali and installed Pasteur Bizimungu as president.
In 1990 political dissidents founded the Rwandan Popular Front (RPF), a Tutsi-led guerrilla movement committed to bringing political reform to Rwanda.
To head off civil war, in 1993 at Arusha, Tanzania, President Habyarimana agreed to a multiparty state and recognized the legitimacy of Hutu and Tutsi opposition parties.
Rwanda is a central African country with a population of 7 million people.
The majority of Rwandans claim membership in one of two ethnic groups: the Hutu majority (85 percent of the population) or the Tutsi minority (14 percent of the population).
Our results show that higher cognitive capacity is not associated with greater openness to reconciliation.
This research paper increasingly shows links between trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and cognitive functioning.