French Absolutism Essay

French Absolutism Essay-4
Absolute rule replaced a system whereby the monarch worked with others.Prior to absolute rule, a king of France worked with the Estates.Absolutism within France was a political system associated with kings such as Louis XIII and, more particularly, Louis XIV.

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However, royal absolutism was justified by a number of eminent philosophers from the time: Bodin, Bousset and Hobbes.

It could be argued that their support for an absolute monarch was understandable given the consequences that could have happened to them – however, there was a belief that a country could benefit from an absolute monarch, both internally and externally.

He was still a powerful ruler but in one sense he shared his authority with them.

When this system broke down, a country could descend into civil war.

French Absolutism and the French Revolution During the period between 1589 through 1783, the French Monarchy had risen to its height of absolute power and then was destroyed by the French Revolution.

The reigns of Henry IV, Louis XIII, Louis XIV, Louis XV, and Louis XVI each contributed to the strengthening of the French Monarchy as well as the destruction.In a French absolute society, the king’s word was law.He had access to a standing royal army that was loyal only to him.He never summoned the Estates General for advice and used the palace at Versailles to "Tie the nobles with golden chains," or influence them in his favor.Louis also controlled the middle class and the peasantry with secret police and by creating a standing army and appointing commanding officers himself. The reigns of Henry IV and Louis XIV proved repeatedly that Bossuet's statement truly reflected absolute monarchy. And fourth, it is subject to reason." These four features of absolutism can bee observed in the Bourbon Dynasty of France.Class struggles were a major problem throughout the reigns of each king. Before the enlightenment people had accepted things as they were, but by the end of the His leading minister, Maximilien de Sully, reorganized the finances and promoted the economic healing of France after years of civil war.France was broken into three estates that were; the clergy, the nobility, and the common people. Things such as agriculture, manufacturing, and commerce were encouraged.Henry IV and his adviser, the duke of Sully, helped create French absolutism.He denied the nobility to have much say in how the government was run.


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