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fair, just - free from favoritism or self-interest or bias or deception; conforming with established standards or rules; "a fair referee"; "fair deal"; "on a fair footing"; "a fair fight"; "by fair means or foul" man if it is not a terrifying thing to lie bound hand and foot in the Stygian blackness of an immense cave peopled by unknown dangers in a land overrun by hideous beasts and reptiles of the greatest ferocity.(1) Critical thinking is the ability to engage in reasoned discourse with intellectual standards such as clarity, accuracy, precision, and logic, and to use analytic skills with a fundamental value orientation that emphasizes intellectual humility, intellectual integrity, and fair-mindedness.
However what is lacking is the ability to evaluate ideas in a constructive manner.
People with reasoning skills across a variety of situations will find jobs waiting for them.
The media, advertisers, and others respond with simple, direct messages that tell consumers what to do, what to think, and what to buy.
The desire to have easy answers is understandable, but can also be dangerous.
Worldwide political events occur unpredictably and with amazing speed.
Economic indicators reflect increased instability in the marketplace.We are temped to find "quick-fix" solutions to life.We may want to make important decisions based on intuition or emotion rather than taking the time to gather the appropriate information or carefully weigh alternatives.This means expanding thinking beyond the egocentric values and limited life experiences.In general, one's thinking is more likely to become critical when concrete learning experiences precede abstract thought.Albert Einstein once said "Everything should be made as simple as possible, but no simpler." Given the complexities of our world, how do we determine when we are oversimplifying an issue? To what degree do we heed the advice of others and to whom do we listen?How do we go about choosing a career, the best investments, or the right doctor?A critical thinking individual is capable of examining his/her assumptions, dogmas, and prejudices.The purpose of critical thinking is, therefore, to achieve understanding, evaluate viewpoints, and solve problems.Thinking involves the appropriate use of knowledge, and this ability is not developed spontaneously (hastily).In America educators are emphasizing on enhancing critical thinking. Learning to think critically Critical thinking moves beyond self-centered views of the universe to a broader, more abstract realm.