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With individualism, European society began to question implicit obedience to the church and instead, viewed the matter with a more secular approach.
The period from the fourteenth century to the seventeenth advocated the liberation of individuals, which meant that more emphasis was placed on personal beliefs.
This led to a more diverse spectrum of ideas in society and increased personal development, hence the term “individualism”.
Individualism first began when city-states of northern Italy had come into contact with the diverse customs of the East, which gradually permitted expression “in terms of taste and dress” (Kreis).
This eventually resulted in the ascendancy of honest doubt and curiosity over unreasoning faith.
As a result of the tedious labour, the price was often very expensive.
With the advent of Gutenberg’s printing press, books could be produced much quicker and with relatively little effort, which made bookmaking much less expensive, allowing more people to buy reading material.Individualism, humanist philosophy, and the printing press were major components of humanism that made it a crucial influence on Europe during the renaissance period.Without the introduction of a revolutionary movement like humanism, Europe may have continued to remain stagnant with its development in terms of philosophy, literature, and the arts (Humanism in the Renaissance).One of the most important changes humanism introduced was a secular viewpoint of history; this was done so by endorsing a nonreligious perspective on history.Humanism not only ended the dominance of the church, but it also eventually had a profound impact on everyday life, especially education.With humanists rediscovering ancient writings and adopting new forms of philosophy, literature and art, the printing press became a highly useful tool to spread information to various people across Europe (Renaissance – Printing and Thinking).With this, many entrepreneurs began printing editions of ancient philosophy and literature in Greek, Latin, and Italian for a mass audience, leading to a dissemination of information and ideas “much wider than previously thought possible” (Cline).Because of individualism, freedom of individual expression and opposition to authority was brought to the surface and soon became an integral part of the western intellectual tradition.In context, individualism was in direct opposition to the ideals of medieval Christianity, which restricted personal expression, fostered self-annihilation, and demanded implicit faith and unquestioning obedience.Humanist philosophy soon became an intrinsic component of renaissance life, as there was an increased emphasis on the importance of education.It became necessary for people to learn ancient Greek and Latin in order to even begin to understand the ancient manuscripts.