Overpopulation refers to an undesirable condition where human population exceeds the available natural resources to feed and sustain it.
Today, the world is inhabited by over 7 billion people, with China topping the list as the most populated country, followed by India.
China’s environmental crisis is one of the most pressing challenges to emerge from the country’s rapid industrialization.
Its economic rise, in which GDP grew on average 10 percent each year for more than a decade, has come at the expense of its environment and public health.
Some of the Indian states outnumber several countries in population.
Uttar Pradesh with a population of 166 million leaves behind the Russian Federation, home to 146.9 million people.Interestingly, USA, that ranks 3rd in the list of most populated countries of the world, is inhabited by 311.1 million people who comprise just 1/4th of India’s population.This gap become even more astonishing when considered that the USA is three times larger than India in size.Preventing the rapid growth of the population is the key to the victory over poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, economic backwardness, etc in the modern world.The increasing population will only swallow the growing development of the nation and the benefit of advanced technology.Severe water contamination and scarcity have compounded land deterioration.Environmental degradation threatens to undermine the country’s growth and exhausts public patience with the pace of reform.The population of the region consisting of the Middle East and North Africa have also been expanding at a rapid pace over the past few decades.Latin America can also be reported to be responsible for sounding the warning bells for the world.Similarly, Orissa’s population exceeds that of Canada, and Chhattisgarh’s that of Australia.The impact of human transformation is especially felt in terms of culture, but economic effects are also important.