Diana Baumrind Research Papers

Diana Baumrind Research Papers-71
For example, a child may grow up to be emotionally unstable due to a particularly difficult relationship with a stepparent or due to a lack of affection from parents, and not specifically due to physical punishment.Baumrind found that there was "no significant differences between children of parents who spanked seldom [green] and those who spanked moderately [yellow]." "I don't advocate spanking," says Baumrind, "but a blanket injunction against its use isn't warranted by the evidence.

For example, a child may grow up to be emotionally unstable due to a particularly difficult relationship with a stepparent or due to a lack of affection from parents, and not specifically due to physical punishment.Baumrind found that there was "no significant differences between children of parents who spanked seldom [green] and those who spanked moderately [yellow]." "I don't advocate spanking," says Baumrind, "but a blanket injunction against its use isn't warranted by the evidence.

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University of California, Berkley, psychologists Diana Baumrind, Ph D, and Elizabeth Owens, Ph D, made national headlines in the New York Times, USA Today and other major media outlets after presenting findings at APA's 2001 Annual Convention showing that occasional mild spanking does not harm a child's social and emotional development.

Baumrind cautioned those attending that she did not advocate spanking and warned that regular and intense spanking could cause great mental strain in children.

It is reliance on physical punishment, not whether or not it's used at all, that is associated with harm to the child." Though she concedes that moderate spanking can be an effective method to stop a child from misbehaving, Baumrind noted that "authoritative and somewhat democratic parents were optimally efficacious" in raising emotionally healthy children, regardless of whether they used spanking.

She added that when parents are loving and firm, and communicate well with a child, "the child is exceptionally competent and well-adjusted, whether or not their parents spanked them as preschoolers." --R.

Children with parents who demonstrate this style tend to be self-disciplined and think for themselves.

This style is thought to be most beneficial to children.

Her longitudinal study focused on 168 white, middle-class families who were assessed by Berkley in 1968, when the children were preschoolers, to 1980 when the children were 14.

Baumrind defined spanking as striking on the hands, buttocks or legs with an open hand, without inflicting physical injury and with the intention of modifying the child's behavior.

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