Behavioral Psychology Essay

Behavioral Psychology Essay-13
In the middle of the 20th century, individual schools rose to prominence and tended to dominate psychological research and theorizing.These dominant schools often clashed with clinical psychology.The main focus of cognitive psychology is in researching the acquisition, processing and storing of information in the mind.

In the middle of the 20th century, individual schools rose to prominence and tended to dominate psychological research and theorizing.These dominant schools often clashed with clinical psychology.The main focus of cognitive psychology is in researching the acquisition, processing and storing of information in the mind.

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Shaping is the gradual alteration of bad behavior by rewarding any slight betterment of that behavior, gradually pulling that bad behavior toward the desired behavior.

Modeling is learning a new behavior by watching someone do it properly.

Although human and animal behaviors have been topics of interest to scientists and others since antiquity, historians typically date the inception of modern psychology to the mid-19th century.

More specifically, they have selected 1879, the year that Wilhelm Wundt established his experimental psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig, as the year that modern psychology originated.

For example, metacognition—a concept created by cognitive psychologists and employed by modern educators—aids students in evaluating their personal knowledge and in applying strategies for improving their knowledge in their weakest school subjects.

Cognitive psychologists have also provided schools with the hierarchical method of organizing information, which has proven to be beneficial in the classroom.The research on cognition led to the above-mentioned shift in the methodology used in psychotherapy from a strictly behaviorist-based orientation to a more balanced approach that includes cognitive therapy.forensic psychology and the court system.Before the 1950s, courts in the US refused to include psychological research as evidence in trials, and psychologists weren’t allowed to testify as expert witnesses.The military formerly didn’t employ psychologists, but in the mid-twentieth century psychologists provided the military with useful research about the military’s hiring practices and the performance of military personnel under adverse environmental conditions (for example, the effects of fatigue and oxygen deprivation upon aviators), and the military now employs psychologists extensively.Cognitive psychologists have played a major role in modern education.For example, the early years of the 20th century witnessed the development and popularization of the now classic “schools of psychology” such as structuralism, functionalism, Gestalt psychology, and behaviorism.World War II and the Korean War spurred the development of modern clinical psychology.Perhaps its most useful purpose is in correcting behavioral problems in children and young adults, particularly in those who are in trouble with the law.Here are some common techniques used: Chaining breaks a task down into its component parts and then teaches the simplest component first.Pavlov had conditioned the dog to respond to the bell by salivating.Pavlov’s experiment served as the one of the cornerstones of behaviorism.

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