A qualitative analysis can lend itself well to the structure of a report.
The writing can commence directly with empirical observations, then move on to discuss the originally identified problem and the effects of the empirical observations on it, the interpretation of findings, as well as some commentary on their more general significance.
(See Alasuutari 1999, 246–249.) Quantitative research methods are used to study specific theories.
Often qualitative and quantitative research methods are used in tandem in order to confirm findings and increase their reliability.
The logic of the research report is, incidentally, suitable in many cases for the reporting of practical work.
The sample table of contents shown in Figure 2 can also serve as an example of a synchronic reporting method.
First of all, you'll want to answer certain broad questions about the kind of analysis you're undertaking: is it qualitative or quantitative, or a mixed approach that uses qualitative data to provide context and background to quantitative data (or vice versa)?
Will you be conducting recorded interviews with your subjects, asking them to complete a written questionnaire, or observing them undertaking some activity or other?
Up until the point of writing your methodology, you will have defined your research question and conducted a detailed review of what other scholars in the field have to say about your topic.
You’ll have also reviewed the in which these scholars have arrived at their conclusions – the assumptions on which their work is based, the theoretical frameworks they've used, and the methods they've used to gather, marshal and present their data.